President's Directive No. 16
On-campus Use of Personal Forms of Transportation
As part of its ongoing efforts to promote sustainability and therefore reduce emissions and pollutants, waste of potentially useful materials, consumption of raw materials and energy usage, the University encourages and supports the use of alternative forms of transportation, including bicycles, by its faculty, staff and students. Use of such forms of transportation is limited or restricted only when necessary to provide for the safety of all members of the campus community and protect University property.
This Directive addresses the use of the following personal forms of transportation on the grounds of California State University, Fullerton and property it controls: bicycles, roller skates, scooters, skateboards, motor-driven cycles of any kind, electronic personal assistive mobility devices and motorized bicycles, scooters and skateboards.
California Vehicle Code Section 21113 and Education Code Sections 89030 and 89031. California Code of Regulations, Title 5, Section 42353.1.
This Directive applies to visitors and all members of the campus community.
A. Bicycle. As defined by California Vehicle Code Section 231 or any subsequent revision, a "bicycle" is "a device upon which any person may ride, propelled exclusively by human power through a belt, chain, or gears, and having one or more wheels."
B. Electric Personal Assistive Mobility Device. As defined by California Vehicle Code Section 313 or any subsequent revision, an "electronic personal assistive mobility device" is a "self-balancing, nontandem two-wheeled device with a maximum speed of no more than 12.5 miles per hour designed to transport only one person." Such devices are commonly referred to as "Segways."
C. Motor-Driven Cycle. As defined by California Vehicle Code Section 405 or any subsequent revision, a "motor-driven cycle" is any motorcycle with a motor that displaces less than 150 cubic centimeters. Such devices are commonly referred to as "mini-motorcycles" or "pocket bikes."
D. Motorized Bicycle. As defined by California Vehicle Code Section 406 or any subsequent revision, a "motorized bicycle" or "moped" is any two-wheeled or three-wheeled device having fully operative pedals for use by human power, or having no pedals if powered solely by electrical energy, an automatic transmission and a motor which produces less than 2 gross brake horsepower and is not capable of speeds exceeding 30 miles per hour on level ground. Motorized bicycles are also defined as devices with fully operative pedals for propulsion by human power and an electric motor that has a power output of not more than 1,000 watts and is incapable of exceeding speeds of more than 20 miles per hour either on ground level or if human power is used in an attempt to increase speed.
E. Motorized Scooter. As defined by California Vehicle Code Section 407.5 or any subsequent revision, a "motorized scooter" is any two-wheeled device that has handlebars and a floorboard designed to be stood upon when riding, and is powered by an electric or gasoline motor. This device may also have a seat that does not interfere with the ability of the rider to stand and ride and may also be designed to be powered by human propulsion.
F. Motorized Skateboard. A "motorized skateboard" is a device propelled by an electric or gasoline motor with wheels and a floorboard designed to be stood upon when riding.
G. Pedestrian. As defined by California Vehicle Code Section 467 or any subsequent revision, a "pedestrian" is a "person who is afoot or who is using (a) a means of conveyance propelled by human power other than a bicycle or (b) an electric personal assistive mobility device. "Pedestrian" also includes a "person who is operating a self-propelled wheelchair, motorized tricycle, or motorized quadricycle."
H. Roller Skates. A "roller skate" is a shoe or boot with wheels or casters attached to its sole for skating on hard surfaces. This definition includes "in-line skates," which are roller skates whose wheels are arranged in a straight line, and "heelys," which are shoes with a wheel that protrudes and retracts from the heel, sole or boot.
I. Scooter. A "scooter" is a device propelled by human power that has handlebars, a floorboard designed to be stood upon when riding, and wheels.
J. Skateboard. A "skateboard" is a device propelled by human power with wheels and a floorboard designed to be stood upon when riding.
Bicyclists must comply with all applicable laws and regulations, exercise due care and use reasonable caution at all times while operating a bicycle, and not obstruct or limit access to University facilities when leaving a bicycle unattended.
Pedestrians have the right-of-way at all times.
Bicycles may not be ridden in posted dismount areas, campus buildings or parking structures; over shrubbery; or on grass. However, bicycles may be ridden in posted dismount areas either for instructional purposes or whenever parking fee regulations are not enforced.
The Director of EH & IS will create guidelines for storing or parking a bicycle on campus. Bicycles may not be parked or stored inside a classroom/laboratory or in a manner that impedes use of a campus walkway or an entrance/exit of a building, office or other area.
University Police and Community Service Officers riding bicycles while on patrol are not subject to these guidelines.
The University will where feasible provide safe and convenient routes for bicyclists to all campus facilities. The need for safe bicycle routes around construction areas will be reviewed/addressed during all construction planning. The University will also provide and regularly review the location and design of bicycle racks.
The University will establish a University Bicycle Committee that will consist of three faculty members appointed by the Academic Senate, two staff members appointed by the Vice President for Administration and Finance and two students appointed by the President of the Associated Students, Inc. Voting members may serve on the committee for no more than two consecutive academic years. The Director of Environmental Health & Instructional Safety, the Director of Parking & Transportation and the Facility Planner or their designees will serve as ex-officio, non-voting members of the Committee.
The University Bicycle Committee will annually review campus bicycle access and safety and make recommendations to the Parking Advisory Committee concerning:
- On-campus bicycle paths
- Off-campus routes to and from campus
- Bicycle rack designs and locations
- Publicity and signage
- Other campus bicycle issues
B. Scooters and Roller Skates
Scooters may be ridden and roller skates may be used on campus only under the following conditions.
- Pedestrians have the right-of-way at all times.
- Individuals riding scooters or wearing roller skates must comply with all applicable laws and regulations, exercise due care and use reasonable caution.
- Roller skates and scooters may not be ridden over shrubbery, on grass, or in posted dismount areas, campus buildings or parking structures.
- Notwithstanding the above, roller skates and scooters may be ridden or used on campus walkways or in the quad for instructional purposes or whenever parking fee requirements are not enforced.
- Scooters secured to objects or structures other than approved racks or storage containers are subject to removal by the University.
Except for instructional purposes and/or during University sanctioned events, skateboards may not be ridden anywhere on campus, including parking structures.
D. Motor-Driven Cycles, Electric Personal Assistive Mobility Devices and Motorized Bicycles, Scooters and Skateboards
Except for instructional purposes and/or during University sanctioned events, motor-driven cycles, electronic personal assistive mobility devices, motorized bicycles, motorized scooters and motorized skateboards may not be operated on campus walkways.
Motorized bicycles and electronic personal assistive mobility devices may be operated on campus roadways.
Motorized bicycles secured to objects or structures other than approved racks or storage containers are subject to removal by the University.
Motor-driven cycles, electronic personal assistive mobility devices, motorized bicycles, motorized scooters and motorized skateboards may not be stored inside any campus building, including the residence halls.
When being pedaled and the motor is not in use, a motorized bicycle may be ridden on campus as if it were a non-motorized bicycle.
E. Notwithstanding the above, any of the alternative forms of transportation addressed in this Directive may be used or operated on campus or any property controlled by the University to accommodate a disability with the prior written authorization of the Director of the Office of Disabled Student Services. The written authorization will outline how and where that alternative form of transportation may be operated on campus or any property controlled by the University in that specific instance.
Violation of this Directive is an infraction and is punishable as prescribed in California Vehicle Code Sections 40000.1 and 42001(a); California Penal Code Section 19.6; and/or California Code of Regulations, Title 5, Section 41301. Questions concerning this Directive should be directed to the Associate Vice President for Facilities Management.Reviewed & Approved By President Milton A. Gordon Date: January 10, 2008